Wanda Jackson - Funnel of Love
Source: SoundCloud / Tutli-Putli
In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches.
Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a “top-down” approach. We might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest. We then narrow that down into more specific hypotheses that we can test. We narrow down even further when we collect observations to address the hypotheses. This ultimately leads us to be able to test the hypotheses with specific data — a confirmation (or not) of our original theories.
Inductive reasoning works the other way, moving from specific observations to broader generalizations and theories. Informally, we sometimes call this a “bottom up” approach (please note that it’s “bottom up” and not “bottoms up” which is the kind of thing the bartender says to customers when he’s trying to close for the night!). In inductive reasoning, we begin with specific observations and measures, begin to detect patterns and regularities, formulate some tentative hypotheses that we can explore, and finally end up developing some general conclusions or theories.
These two methods of reasoning have a very different “feel” to them when you’re conducting research. Inductive reasoning, by its very nature, is more open-ended and exploratory, especially at the beginning. Deductive reasoning is more narrow in nature and is concerned with testing or confirming hypotheses. Even though a particular study may look like it’s purely deductive (e.g., an experiment designed to test the hypothesized effects of some treatment on some outcome), most social research involves both inductive and deductive reasoning processes at some time in the project. In fact, it doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see that we could assemble the two graphs above into a single circular one that continually cycles from theories down to observations and back up again to theories. Even in the most constrained experiment, the researchers may observe patterns in the data that lead them to develop new theories.
Santigold - Disparate Youth [Official Music Video]
People wont behave if they have nothing to lose
Mike Heist has been working in the neon industry in Portland, Oregon for 30 years. He is a master in his craft, and is responsible for the bending of some of the city’s most iconic signage. 10 SECONDS is a short film about work and happiness, and shares a bit of Mike’s thoughts and insight into the amazing process of hand-made neon signage.
The Pressure designed the sign as a component of event branding for the AIGA Portland event “Design and Happiness,” a lecture by Stefan Sagmeister during Design Week Portland. We thought that this video would add some depth to the concept, and we hope you enjoy it.
Check out more work by The Pressure at thepressure.org
Title Animation by Uphill Downhill ( uphilldownhill.com/ )
Film By Ryan J. Bush
Reach Mike Heist at neondist.com/
Party Supplies burst out of the gate swinging with the one-two punch of debut album Tough Love and the beloved mixtapes, establishing a signature sound that mixes woozy classic rock chops with head-nodding MPC hip-hop like none other. They ride that vibe even further into the sunset on jammy new song “The Light In The Addict,” featuring guest vocals from collaborator Action Bronson and PS’ Fool’s Gold label mate Black Atlass.
Party Supplies and Action first performed the song live last week at the Sonos Studio showcase in NYC (with PS frontman Justin Nealis clad in jogging shorts and a David Lee Roth tee while Bronson sported a Brazilian flag doo rag) and now you can hear the collaboration exclusively on Soundcloud courtesy of Sonos.
Fool’s Gold will re-release Party Supplies debut LP Tough Love on limited edition vinyl and CD 11/25 at www.store.foolsgoldrecs.com and select record stores worldwide.
Party Supplies will be DJing at Good Life in Boston (28 Kingston St) with Sammy Bananas this Saturday, 10/11.
Source: SoundCloud / Party Supplies